Engineering is a broad category that covers a number of different specialties:
- Aerospace - designing, developing and testing for space technology;
- Agricultural - problem-solving and agricultural machinery design;
- Biomedical - combining biology and medicine to develop devices and products;
- Chemical - problem-solving with chemicals, designing chemical processing techniques;
- Civil - designing urban infrastructure;
- Computer - designing, developing and testing computer hardware;
- Electrical- designing, developing and testing electrical equipment;
- Electronic - designing, developing and testing electronic equipment;
- Environmental - using biology and chemistry to address environmental problems;
- Health and safety - promote safety and develop processes to ensure a safe working environment;
- Industrial - develop efficient and effective production processes;
- Marine - designing, developing and testing marine equipment such as ships;
- Mechanical - designing, developing and testing machinery and tools;
- Geological - locating and developing extraction processes for minerals and metals;
- Nuclear - researching and developing nuclear processes and uses.
Civil engineering is the most common field chosen by students - almost 20 percent of all engineers are civil, followed closely by mechanical engineering at about 15 percent.
People who are interested in travel might consider looking into engineering careers; although some engineers do work in an office setting, many positions, particularly those in environmental and civil engineering, involve working in many different parts of the world.
The Technological Edge
Engineers are in high demand in a number of different industries because the career training stimulates creative thinking. Engineers stay up-to-date with all the latest technologies, which is of extreme value to any company intending to remain competitive in a global marketplace.
Businesses may use engineers to help develop innovative products, analyze practices or coordinate production processes. (Of course, the position you find yourself in will depend on your specialty.)
The field of engineering offers plenty of room for advancement because it is always changing. To stay on top, it's necessary for prospective or established engineers to keep up-to-date; online learning is one of the most practical methods of incorporating this continuous learning into a busy lifestyle.